- Wild plants and (in) heme (se) plants are actually the same thing.
- The perennials you buy today are adaptations of wild and (in) heme (se) plants.
- You could call wild and (in) heme (se) plants the basic plants of today’s species.
- Wild and (in) heme (se) plants often attract other, better (much more useful) insects than the processed species.
- With the disappearance of Wild plants, the beneficial insects also disappeared.
- Because many useful insects have disappeared, diseases and pests such as oak processionary caterpillars arise
- By planting wild and (in) heme (se) plants again, beneficial insects return.
- You can also ensure sufficient beneficial insects with the right combination of processed plant species.
LET’S START AT THE BEGINNING
You have to remember that in the past, when there were no cultivators, all plants arose spontaneously or were applied centuries before by Mother Nature. The climate, the soil and the fact that people let them go about their business undisturbed meant that nature itself regulated which plants did best in a certain place and which did not. This involved much more than just plants; insects, birds, butterflies, bees and underground ‘life’ also played a role.
The system, as it were, kept itself in shape and maintained. Pests and diseases were repelled because natural enemies were always around to attack them. The natural enemies were there because there were the right plants to live on. And the residues of all animal life in turn ensured the growth of existing and new plants. It could always have remained that way if ‘humans’ had not intervened. Then the plants that were naturally best in place there would have grown everywhere. We call these plants native or heme plants. If you grow the native or heme plants in places where they did not occur naturally but do thrive, we call them wild plants. All plants that arise or grow naturally in a place are therefore called wild plants.
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WILD AND NORMAL PLANTS
Wild plants are often thought of as plants that become wild, plants that are difficult to control, plants that proliferate. That’s a misconception! Wild plants are not by definition naturalizing plants, on the contrary. We have to go back again. In origin all plants are the same. They originated somewhere in nature or have been there for centuries.
by human intervention; think of agriculture, livestock, grazing, construction and deforestation, many of the originally present wild plant species have disappeared. Only the toughest species survived and are still there, for example the nettle, the thistle, ground elder, etc. etc.
Well, and these species proliferate to such an extent that they were and are soon called ‘wild plants’. In fact it is also true, but there are also so many wild species that have remained intact by nature that do not proliferate but provide added value in terms of color and scent and are very important for the interaction with insects, birds and soil life. We don’t actually have an extra name for the non-wild plants. In practice, however, these are the plants that are created by the cultivation of the growers and breeders. They crossed the original strain with other strains. They went looking for an even more beautiful color for the Tulip, a darker leaf for the Hosta and more flower and fragrance for the Rose. Then we all started to put those new species in places where the wild species used to be. And all that wouldn’t be so bad if the processed species, also called cultivated species, had the same qualities for our environment, the interaction with the bees, birds, butterflies… the ecosystem. Unfortunately that is not the case.
THE MOST BEAUTIFUL PLANTS ARE NOT ALWAYS THE BEST!
Many of the cultivated species we cultivate have ‘different qualities’ than the original wild native species. They have a nicer colour, they are less susceptible to aphids or spider mites and they spread a different odour. Sometimes they are so different in shape that bees can’t even reach their nectar and stamens. You already feel it; the qualities so valued by man are sometimes simply less appreciated by insects and even smaller animals.
It goes even further; much of that all-important animal, flutter and buzzing life disappears if there is too little for them to heal from the cultivated plants. And as always, the bad guys remain. Plagues such as the oak processionary caterpillar could have arisen because their natural (useful) enemies had disappeared. The useful critters and certain bee species have disappeared or become extinct because there were no longer the right plants for them.
WHAT SHOULD YOU DO?
It’s not that you ca n’t create a good ecosystem in your garden with normal (the cultivated) plants. That’s possible. You just have to make sure you choose good varieties that create a good cycle. Plants that have the right attraction for birds, bees, butterflies and all kinds of other beneficial insects. In practice, these types of plants are often referred to as ‘host plants’. Sometimes you also read it on the herbivore. In addition to choosing the right plant, you also have to keep an eye on the soil life. Good permeability and airiness always ensure more life.
It is good to know that wild and heme plants are often simply better than cultivated varieties that require a lot of care. After all, wild plants are not literally wild, but have their own qualities that can really come into their own in your garden. Building a cycle (ecosystem) is therefore possible with wild, native and ‘normal’ plants, but it can also be a combination. If everyone would only think about it, our world would become a lot more beautiful and healthier.
Fortunately, there are also parties that can help with your search. Appeltern Garden experts can advise you about the soil and the right plant choices. A border plan tailored to your garden is also part of this. Our product partners Lageijzer and Cruydt-Hoeck cultivate ‘normal’ and wild plants. Cruydt-Hoeck even puts together wild flower mixtures tailored to your garden!
|Wild Bertram||Achillea ptarmica|
|Creeping sage green||Ajuga reptans|
|lady’s mantle||Alchemilla vulgaris|
|Marshmallows, High Mallow, Pintail Root, Tooth Root, White Malva||Althaea officinalis|
|big angelica||Angelica archangelica|
|marram grass||Ammophila arenaria|
|Ordinary Ox tongue||Anchusa officinalis|
|Big Angelica||Angelica archangelica|
|Ordinary Fragrance Grass||Anthoxanthum odoratum|
|wound clover||Anthyllis vulneraria|
|Tongue fern||Asplenium scolopendrium|
|saxifrage fern||Asplenium trichomanes|
|female fern||Athyrium filix-femina|
|Real Ballote||ballota nigra|
|Just Barbara herb||barbarea vulgaris|
|double haul||Blechnum spicy|
|Beavers, vibrating grass||briza media|
|clew clock||Campanula glomerata|
|meadow bell||Campanula patula|
|Field bell, Bellflower||Campanula rapunculoides|
|Rapunzel clock||Campanula rapunculus|
|rough bell||Campanula trachelium|
|Pentecost flower||Cardamine talking sis|
|finger sedge||Carex digitata|
|Hanging Sedge||carex pendula|
|Just Knapweed||Centaurea jacea|
|great centaury||Centaurea scabiosa|
|Brush wreath||Clinopodium vulgare|
|Lily of the Valley||Convallaria majalis|
|wall snapdragon||Cymbalaria muralis|
|Raw Smele||Deschampsia cespitosa|
|Winding Smel||Deschampsia flexuosa|
|Carthusian carnation||Dianthus carthusianorum|
|stone carnation||Dianthus deltoides|
|Just foxglove, pipe head, doll shoe||Digitalis purpurea|
|Large Sand cabbage||Diplotaxis tenuifolia|
|heart leaf sunflower||Doronicum pardalianches|
|male fern||Dryopteris filix-mas|
|heart leaf sunflower||Doronicum pardalianches|
|Nodding Fireweed||Epilobium angustifolium|
|giant grass||Festuca gigantea|
|Fescue Grass, Sheep Grass||Festuca ovina|
|Large Wild Strawberry||Fragaria moschata|
|wild strawberry||Fragaria vesca|
|Yellow Walstraw||galium verum|
|dark cranesbill||Geranium phaeum|
|Yellow Avens||Geum urbanum|
|damask flower||Hesperis matronalis|
|Crooked Hawkweed||Hieracium malculatum “Leopard”|
|mouse ear||Hieracium pilosella|
|St. John’s wort||Hypericum perforate|
|Yellow Lis||Iris pseudacorus|
|We the||Isatis tinctoria|
|Yellow Dead Nettle||Lamiastrum galeobdolon|
|heart strain||Leonurus cardiaca|
|Ordinary Daisy||Leucanthemum vulgare|
|flax beak||Linaria vulgaris|
|scroll clover||Lotus corniculatus|
|Judas coin||Lunaria annua|
|Wild Judas Medal||Lunaria rediviva|
|white field rush||Luzula luzuloides|
|hairy field rush||Luzula pilosa|
|large field rush||Luzula sylvatica|
|big reunion||Lysimachia vulgaris|
|Real cuckoo flower||Lychnis flos-cuculi|
|Great Redhead||Lysimachia vulgaris|
|big cat’s tail||Lythrum salicaria|
|Five-part mallow||Malva alcea|
|large mallow||Malva sylvestris|
|cat thorn||Ononis spinosa|
|road thistle||Onopordum nervosum|
|Wild Marjoram||Origanum vulgare|
|Wild Marjoram||Origanum vulgare wilform|
|royal fern||Osmunda regalis|
|Big Butterbur||Petasites hybridus|
|Little Bevernel||Pimpinella saxifrage|
|Rough Plantain||Plantago media|
|Ordinary Solomon’s Seal||Polygonatum multiflorum|
|Common Oak Fern||Polypodium vulgare|
|Felt Ganzerik||Potentilla argentea|
|Slim Primrose||Primula elatior|
|Golden Primrose||Primula veris|
|Ordinary Brunel, Bijenkorfje||Prunella vulgaris|
|wild man’s herb||Pulsatilla vulgaris|
|Immaculate Lungwort||Pulmonaria obscura|
|hedgehog buttercup||Ranunculus flammula|
|Wild Reseda||Reseda lutea|
|field sage||salvia pratensis|
|Clary Sage, Clary Sage||salvia sclarea|
|Blue Skullcap||Scutellaria galericulata|
|Variegated Crownwort||Securigera miscellaneous|
|Tripmadam, spiced||Sedum refelxum|
|Saw blade||Serratula tinctoria|
|Fork Silene||Silene dichotoma|
|day cuckoo flower||Silene dioica|
|Real cuckoo flower||Silene flos-cuculi|
|Night Silene||Silene Nutans|
|bladder silene||Silene vulgaris|
|Real Goldenrod||Solidago virgaurea|
|Blue Button||Succisa pratensis|
|Real Gamer||Teucrium chamaedrys|
|False Sage||Teucrium scorodonia|
|Small Diamond||Thalictrum minus|
|Torch, stalk candle||Verbascum densiflorum|
|Black Torch||Verbascum nigrum|
|royal candle||Verbascum thapsus|
|Speedwell, Broad Speedwell||Veronica austriaca teucrium|
|Male prize||Veronica officinalis|
|Lesser Periwinkle||Vinca minor|
|dog violet||Viola canina|
|March Violet||Viola odorata|
MORE AND MORE DEMAND FOR WILD AND NATIVE PLANTS!
Because more and more gardeners, designers and gardeners are discovering the added value of the original perennial varieties, growers are growing more and more of those varieties and offering them for sale. This concerns the smell, the colour, the vigor, but also their effect on the beneficial insects. With more wild and (in) heme (se) plants, a better ecosystem is created where diseases and pests have less chance. There are hundreds of varieties, here’s a suggestion from the Lageijzer assortment.